Paris Agreement And Nigeria Nigeria signed the Paris Agreement, the International Agreement on Combating Climate Change. It ratified the agreement in 2017. It has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 20% by 2030 compared to the «business as usual» level. This commitment increases to 45% subject to international aid. The MoU has entered into an agreement for the Nigerian and Singapore stock exchanges to cooperate in the exchange of best practices and to organize joint initiatives in their respective markets. In a statement to Lagos, the NSE was quoted as saying that the partnership had stepped up its efforts to promote the growth of sustainable financing in Nigeria. (Environews) 2) Ministry Hosts Meeting of Environmental Activists: The Minister of Honour, the Ministry of the Environment, Sharon Ikeazu, recently received youth activists in civil society (CSO) to demonstrate the Nigerian government`s willingness to listen to the views of young people on climate change. ( Wood dependence on fuel is also an important driver for deforestation in Nigeria – and improving access to clean food has been identified as a key option to reduce emissions in the country. (Other factors include the conversion of forests to farmland and logging for timber production.) Although Nigeria is Africa`s largest oil producer, it is facing a long-term energy crisis. More than one in three people in Nigeria do not have access to electricity – and in 2018, the Nigerian company has experienced more than 32 power outages.

Constant power outages have led to heavy reliance on backup generators across the country. The country produced an average of 1.88 million barrels of crude oil per day between 1973 and 2020, reaching a record level of 2.5 million barrels per day in November 2005. In 2019, it produced about 1.65 million barrels of crude oil per day, or nearly 2% of the world total. Around the world, some surveys have found a link between climate-related disasters and explosions of violence. But it`s still a very controversial scientific field – and other researchers have argued that there can be «an effect to govern them all» when it comes to what triggers a conflict. Nigeria has several plans for climate change at the national level, but little or nothing is being done to help homes and communities implement these plans. There is an urgent need for an effective monitoring and evaluation system to assess the effectiveness of climate change policy. In 2006, Nigeria created a Renewable Energy Master Plan (REMP). Updated in 2011, the plan aims to increase the supply of renewable electricity to 23% of total electricity generation by 2025 and to 36% by 2030.

Rainfall has decreased in most parts of the country. The government estimates that average rainfall decreased by 2 to 8 mm across the country between 1971 and 2000. In the recently published framework report, Dr. Muhammad Mahmood Abubakar, the Minister of the Environment, writes that oil currently accounts for 86% of Nigeria`s total export earnings. Together, oil and gas exports account for about 70% of government revenues. About 78% of Nigerian countries are used for agricultural purposes, and the sector accounts for 70% of nigeria`s population as the main source of income. «Continued production of a serial national communication document is a mandatory requirement for all parties to the UNFCCC to provide the Convention and the international community with a national inventory of greenhouse gas sources and reductions, mitigation options, vulnerability analyses, adaptation and mitigation of the effects of climate change.

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